The dental implant is an artificial fixture which is placed surgically into the jaw bone to substitute the missing tooth and its roots.
Advantages of implants are as follows:
- Replace one or more teeth without affecting adjacent teeth and structures
- Support a bridge and eliminate the need for a removable partial denture
- Provide support for a denture, making it more secure and comfortable
- Used to anchorage during orthodontic treatment
Who is a candidate for the dental implant?
Patients with a good amount of alveolar bone which can provide support to the implant. Patients going for implant treatment should have good periodontal health.
Most of the implants used today resemble an actual root. They are called root-form implants. They are placed on the bone, hence called endosseous implants.
How is implant placement done?
The alveolar bone is prepared by drilling the site of implant placement with high-speed precision instruments. The implants are placed in these prepared slots and allowed to heal.
How long would the healing take?
Implants require two to six months to heal. After six months they can be used to support crowns and bridges.
Dentures are prostheses which replaces one or more teeth and related structures in the mouth.
Dentures are mainly of two types: complete denture and partial denture.
Complete dentures are removable dental prostheses that replace all the teeth and other oral structures of the upper and the lower jaw.
Why complete dentures?
For restoration of mastication, for the restoration of facial dimensions and contours, for the restoration of speech, restoration of remaining natural tissues.
Who is a candidate for complete dentures?
Patients ideal for complete dentures is those who have completely edentulous upper and lower jaws, extensive bone loss, compromised periodontal health, multiple decayed teeth.
The partial denture is a dental prosthesis that restores part and not the entire dentition. Partial dentures can either be a removable type or fixed type.
Fixed partial denture: Fixed partial dentures are fixed or cemented on to the remaining natural teeth that act as primary support to the prostheses. The patient can not remove it from the mouth.
Why fixed partial denture?
Fixed partial dentures look natural and appear like your original teeth. They usually have a good lifespan of 15 years if maintained properly. It keeps the other teeth from drifting over to vacant space and restores the facial tone and shape and brings back the beautiful smile.
Who is a candidate for fixed partial denture?
Patient with one or two teeth missing, good oral hygiene, healthy supporting periodontal tissues.
Removable partial denture: A removable partial denture is a prosthesis that replaces a few missing teeth. It can be removed from the mouth and replaced at will by the patient himself without professional assistance.
Who is a candidate for removable partial denture?
Patients with multiple teeth missing are an ideal candidate for the partial removable denture. Patients with poor periodontal health are ideal for receiving removable partial denture. Patients with excessive bone loss are also indicated for the removable partial denture.